National Society United States Daughters of 1812

Liberty, Fraternity, and Unity Since 1892

History

Daughters of 1812, 1922, in Washington, D.C.

National Society United States Daughters of 1812, April 25, 1922.

The United States Daughters of 1812 was founded by Mrs. Flora Adams Darling on January 8, 1892.  The present Society is the outcome of the General Society United States Daughters of 1812, which was the Society’s original name at its founding.    The date of January 8 was chosen as it marks the anniversary of the Battle of New Orleans, which was a huge American victory and also the last major battle of the War of 1812.  Mrs. Stephen Adams Webster of New York and Ohio, Mrs. A. Ramon Salas of New York and Georgia, and Mrs. Edward Irving Darling Jr., of New York and Washington, were the trinity who aided Mrs. Darling.    

The initial meeting of the General Society United States Daughters of 1812 was held at the home of Mrs. Darling's son, Edward Irving Darling Jr., in Detroit, Michigan on January 8, 1892.  At this meeting, the seal of the Society was adopted, Liberty Enlightening the World -- as were the motto, Liberty and Unity; the colors of the Society, blue and gray; and the badge, or Insignia, a star and anchor.  In recognition of her service, the Society made Mrs. Adams an Honorary Life member of the Society.  

The General Society United States Daughters of 1812 was incorporated in the State of Ohio, and the first known headquarters of the General Society was at the Everett House, in New York City. It is thought that during this time period, the Everett House may have been the location where Mrs. Darling resided, while in New York.   The following names were listed on the early Charter:


Mrs. Flora Adams Daring, New York City

Mrs. William Gerry Slade, New York City

Mrs. Edward Roby, Illinois

Mrs. M. A. Ludin, New York City

Mrs. Helen Bailey, New Hampshire

Mrs. Alfred Russell, Michigan

Mrs. William Todd Helmuth, New York

Mrs. Nelson V. Titus, Massachusetts

Mrs. LeRoy Sunderland Smith, New York



The officers were as follows:

President-General 
Mrs. Flora Adams Darling

1st Vice-President General
Mrs. Stephen Adams Webster

2nd Vice-President General
Miss Georgine Campbell

3rd Vice-President General
Mrs. Celestia B. Waldron

Director-General of State Societies 
Mrs. Augustus Ramon Salas

Secretary-General
Mrs. M. A. Ludin

Treasurer-General
Mrs. Edward Irving Darling

Historian-General
Mrs. LeRoy Sunderland Smith

Private Secretary to President-General 
Miss Florence L. Adams

Chaplain-General
Rev. Dr. Charles DeWitt Bridgman



During the 1892 to 1897 time period, the following state societies were organized (in order of organization):  New York - 1892, Mrs. William Gerry Slade, President; Louisiana - 1893, Mrs. John B. Richardson, President:  Michigan – 1894, Mrs. Alfred Russell, President; Pennsylvania – 1896, Mrs. Louis W. Hall, President; and Massachusetts 1896, Mrs. Nelson V. Titus, President.

Recognizing the importance of securing the future of Society, Mrs. Adams began efforts to re-organize the Society and in 1897, she appointed Mrs. William Gerry Slade, of New York, as General Organizer.  Mrs. Slade became the President of the now re-organizing Society.  She resided at  332 West Eighty-Seventh Street, New York City, in which she used her home as the headquarters for the National Society.     


Old Post Card that shows the address of the National Society as NY City.

Old post card that gives the address of the National Society U.S.D. of 1812, in New York City
Click on post card for larger view.

The work of re-organizing the Society continued for many years and was successfully carried out by Mrs. Slade.  On February 25, 1901, the Society was incorporated by an Act of the United States Congress and approved by President William McKinley as the National Society, United States Daughters of Eighteen Hundred and Twelve.  This was one of the first women's organizations to receive such a national charter and was also possibly the last bill signed by President McKinley.  The following names are listed on the current Charter:


Mrs. Flora Adams Darling, of New York

Mrs. William Gerry Slade, of New York 

Mrs. Louis W. Hall, of Pennsylvania

Mrs. Edward Roby, of Illinois 

Mrs. M. A. Ludin, of New York 

Mrs. LeRoy Sunderland Smith, of New York

Miss Helen G. Bailey, of New Hampshire 

Mrs. Alfred Russell, of Michigan

Mrs. William Lee, of Massachusetts

Mrs. William Tod Helmuth, of New York 

Mrs. Nelson V. Titus, of Massachusetts


It was at this point in time when the Society developed  into the Society of today.  At the close of the administration of Mrs. William Gerry Slade in 1915, thirty-five State Societies had been organized, with an enrollment of 3, 758 members.

Emma Hardy Slade, a dear friend of Flora Adams Darling, recognized and shared the vision that Mrs. Adams had for the Society.   With much work and perseverance, she succeeded in bringing  that vision, to fruition.  Mrs. Slade served as President of the National Society for a total of eighteen years, 1897-1915, making her the longest running President in the history of the Society.    

On January 4, 1928, the National Society United States Daughters of 1812 purchased a three-story brick, Queen Anne style house at 1461, Rhode Island Avenue, NW, Washington D.C., to serve as the permanent headquarters of the National Society.  In 1992, the Society purchased the late-Victorian house immediately next door, at 1463 Rhode Island Avenue, NW, Washington, D.C., to serve as  a War of 1812 museum and library.   

Members of the National Society, United States Daughters of 1812, between the ages of 18 to 35, are termed "Flora Adams Darling Daughters" in memory of our Founder.


Mrs. Flora Adams Darling
Founder and 1st President

1892-1897

1st Headquarters location of the General Society United States Daughters of 1812

The Everett House, Union Square and 14th Street, NY City

Headquarters of the early General Society.


Clipping form the Brooklyn Daily Eagle, 8 Jan 1897, Friday

Clipping from The Brooklyn Daily Eagle (Brooklyn, New York)

8 Jan 1897, Friday.  Click Here to view full size.


Mrs. William Gerry Slade

Mrs. William Gerry Slade
Organizing President National
1897-1915

Home of Mrs. Slade and the early headquarters of the National Society United States Daughters of 1812

332 West 87th Street, NY City, home of Mrs. William Gerry Slade and the early Headquarters of the
National Society United States Daughters of 1812


National Society United States Daughters of 1812 with Mrs. Harding, in front of the White House, 1921

National Society United States Daughters of 1812, wtih Mrs. Harding, in front of the White House, April 26, 1921.


United States Daughters of 1812, with President Coolidge, at the White House, April 26, 1927

National Society United States Daughters of 1812, with President Coolidge, at the White House, April 26, 1927.